Havana syndrome, its causes& treatment

Havana Syndrome is the name given to a series of mysterious health incidents. It was reported by American diplomats and other government workers in late 2016 in the capital of Cuba. It had been five years since the State Department, the CIA, and other staff at the U.S. Embassy in Havana reported strange experiences of pressure, vibration, and screeching sounds, as well as debilitating symptoms such as headaches, nausea, cognitive deficits, and difficulty seeing, hearing, and balancing.

What is Havana Syndrome and why it is called so?

Havana syndrome is the name of a disease documented since 2016, when dozens of U.S. officials in Havana, Cuba, complained of a variety of neurological symptoms, including nausea, dizziness, earache, and traumatized brain injuries.


However, the real causes of this syndrome are not yet known. But, many doctors believe that it may be due to a mechanical device that emits microwave or ultraviolet energy. On the other hand, it is believed that some external powers/ countries are using biological weapons against US officials.

However, the causes of this syndrome can be due to the direct penetration of radiofrequency waves into the skull. Due to which electrical and chemical activity in the brain is disrupted. As a result, certain neural pathways are affected due to the rewiring of neurons.

Symptoms of Havana Syndrome 2021

During the events in Cuba between November 2016 and June 2018, at least 25 diplomats at the US embassy in Havana, Cuba, were reported to have a mysterious disease. Those who were diagnosed with a mysterious disease exhibited a wide range of symptoms that the United States State Department has described as confirmed. The Symptoms are:

  • headaches,
  • dizziness,
  • nausea,
  • fatigue,
  • difficulty concentrating,
  • memory loss,
  • confusion and disorientation,
  • difficulty walking,
  • insomnia

Canadian embassy staff also complained of concussions in Havana. One, describing himself as a zombie. US diplomats and other officials based in Havana reported strange symptoms, with many hearing strange high and low tones and experiencing bizarre physical sensations.

When were the first symptoms of Havana syndrome were noticed?

The symptoms came to be known as the Havana syndrome after CIA officials and State Department staff working at the U.S. Embassy in the Cuban capital reported it in late 2016. One official told that up to 200 officials had symptoms of Havana syndrome. About half of whom were CIA agents and their families.

And the other half was divided between the Defense Department and the State Department employees. While the symptoms of the syndrome first affect Americans, several Canadian officials also report suffering from the disease.

Havana Syndrome Sonic attack

US authorities do not know the cause of the symptoms, commonly referred to as Havana syndrome, but the theory is that they are targeted microwave or sonic attacks. Although it will take time to find the cause, Havana Syndrome offers bipartisan help to American victims of neurological attacks. However, Havana Act providing additional financial and medical resources to American officials suffering from symptoms.

While US officials suspect that the so-called Havana Syndrome is an unintended byproduct of foreign efforts to gather information about US government employees and electronic devices.

Havana syndrome sound

According to reports from Havana, the US officials told that diplomats had been exposed to sounds from devices operating outside the normal listening range. The symptoms of American diplomats in Havana were similar to those associated with war trauma, concussion-like symptoms that have baffled doctors who have misdiagnosed them in the past as brain trauma.

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Havana Syndrome Treatment

To diagnose Havana syndrome, the doctor does a brain MRI(Magnetic Resonance Imaging). It is compared with a normal brain MRI. Then, if detected the doctor often prescribes some of the following ways to treat Havana Syndrome.

  • Meditation– A very important aspect of good mental health. On a priority basis, meditation is recommended by a doctor. meditation for havana syndrome
  • Art Therapy– It is a way to heal mental health by doing some artistic performance. Or, creating the environment of entertainment sources around the patient. Its ultimate aim is to help people to explore or introspect self-expression. It includes – dance therapy, drama therapy, expression therapy, and music therapy. Depending on the condition doctor may prescribe any one of them.
  • Yoga– One of the best ways to heal is by doing yoga. It includes various breathing exercise that is good to your mental as well as physical health. yoga to treat Havana syndrome
  • Acupuncture– It includes inserting a very thin needle across various strategic points on your body. However, the doctor looks to see this as a last option to treat the syndrome. acupuncture

How many countries reported this syndrome?

Countries that reported this syndrome are:

  • China,
  • Uzbekistan,
  • Russia,
  • Austria,
  • Germany and
  • The United States

But it is unclear that how many U.S. officials have confirmed medical symptoms. In July, the US State Department announced that it was investigating 20 cases of symptoms of this syndrome among officials stationed in Vienna.

In 2019, the Canadian government announced it would reduce its embassy staff in Havana – the 14th Canadian diplomat to report symptoms of the syndrome since late December 2018.

Recent Impact of Havana Syndrome

This summer, Vice President Kamala Harris’ flight to Hanoi, Vietnam, was delayed after some U.S. officials in the city reported experiencing symptoms related to syndrome over the weekend. In August, her trip from Singapore to Vietnam was delayed again after the United States issued a warning. The embassy warned Hanoi that there had been reports of recent possible abnormal health events, as government officials describe the symptoms of the syndrome.

The number of reports by U.S. diplomats, intelligence officials suffering from a mysterious “Havana syndrome” at the State Department, has created an environment of frustration among the rank-and-file staff, and diplomats.

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