(The Republic of Korea) is a country in East Asia that forms the southern part of the Korean peninsula. It shares a border with North Korea. Despite the high growth potential and apparent structural stability of South Korea’s economies, the country has suffered damage to its creditworthiness and the stock market. And also, North Korea’s belligerence in times of deep military crisis can be detrimental to South Korean financial markets. During World War II, after the partition of the peninsula, four million people from the North crossed the border into South Korea.
Population: 5.18 crore
Currency: South Korean won
At the start of the Korean War in 1950, US forces were sent to protect against an invasion by North Korea with the South as the largest contributor of the United States. South Korea faced North Korea in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), which is 4 km long and was established under the terms of the Armistice of 1953 that ended the warfighting in 1950-53.
Due to state control over the southern part of the South Korean peninsula, the informal term “South Korea” was coined and spread throughout the Western world.
Interesting facts about South Korea
There are some interesting facts about South Korea, you would love to know.
- South Korea was one of the poorest countries in the world for 50 years after the Korean War. But, today it is one of the strongest today.
- It was described as a major driving force behind the Han River miracle when South Korea went from a developing country to an industrialized country, much as Germany did after World War II.
- After the war, the country changed from a poor country to a rich country within 50 years.
- South Koreans love shopping and the country has some of the largest shopping centers in the world.
- Staying fit until death is a fact that Korea says about its people.
- Along with the world, South Korea is also a place where people are addicted to video games.
- Seollal New Year is one of the most important festivals that South Koreans celebrate.
- Korea uses a different type of aging than the Western world. Meaning, that your Korean age (depending on the month of birth) is one to two years older than your Western age.
- Food culture of South korea is very famous.
- It is amazing that no one can throw the first throw with as much verve in a baseball game as the South Koreans.
- Most students in Seoul take their final exams later in the semester than Koreans studying abroad. This, explain that the Seoul Summer School is a very competitive country.
Weird facts about South Korea
- The country has the highest proportion of plastic surgery per capita in the world.
- It is so popular that Korea has a higher number of plastic surgeries than any other country.
- One-third of South Korean women between the ages of 19 and 29 said they had undergone plastic surgery. With some even saying 50%.
- While other countries celebrate Valentine’s Day, the romantic day in South Korea is a one-sided working day for Korean men.
- The average time between a blind first date and marriage is- 10.2 months for professionals and 6.2 months for dating agents.
- South Koreans believe that whosoever goes to the market and buys a bokjori (bamboo bean) and use it for washing rice and cooking. He is lucky!!
- BTS, is a seven-piece boy band from South Korea. It was the reason one foreign visitor in 13 visited the country.
- The demilitarized zone along the historic border between North and South Korea is one of the most militarized areas in the world. And also, an ecological paradise.
South Korea a multi-faceted country
On the one hand, skyscrapers form striking skylines of cities that embrace futuristic lifestyles. On the other hand, one can observe people rooted in the traditions typical of South Korean wedding culture, folk wrestling, clothing, and food that has earned South Korea a reputation for being a perfect example of a multi-faceted country.
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As you meet new people,
- try to decipher the language and,
- get involved in something new,
- you will learn lots of fun facts about South Korea and its culture.
UNESCO world heritage site in South Korea
As of 2021, there are 15, UNESCO world heritage sites in South Korea. Some of them are listed below. Above all, the countries that promised to preserve their heritage, the South Korean government was the one with the most submissions and proposals.
1. Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple
The Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple are exemplary works of Buddhist art. Above all, Bulguksa Temple is the most popular site in the country, qualified for the prestigious UNESCO list in 1995. The temple, which was built in 535 AD and is the most visited and famous temple in Korea, was dubbed in 1995 on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
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While grotto date from the same period and is one of the most beautiful Buddhist shrines in Asia.
It represents the highest spiritual aspirations and the crowning glory of the religious works of Silla.
The historic area of Gyeongju includes
- ruins of royal mound tombs and,
- Buddhist art, and statues from the Silla period (57 BC – 935 AD) of Korean history.
The site was put on the UNESCO list in 2000. Because, it contains outstanding Buddhist art, including sculptures, temples, and palaces as well as the remains of reliefs from the Silla dynasty culture. During the reign of the Sillas, the area was home to well-built palaces and temples.
3. Changdeokgung Palace Complex
The complex of Changdeokgung Palace in Waryong-dong, Jongno-gu, served as the royal residence of Gyeongbok Gung Palace until they were consumed by flames when Japanese troops invaded South Korea during the Japanese invasion of Korea in 1592.
4. Baekje Historic Area
The Baekje Historic Area is a group of monumental ruins in three cities in South Korea: Iksan, Buyeo, and Gongju. The sites are located in the central and southern part of the country and comprise nine Seowons representing the Neo-Confucian Academies of the Joseon Dynasty (15th to 19th century).
5. Hwaseong Fortress
Hwaseong Fortress, a shining example of military architecture in Asia, is listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Moreover, It consists of many distinctive defensive features, including observation towers, command posts, massive gates, arrowhead towers, and bunkers designed to withstand the mighty battles of the Joseon era. The fortress is located in the city of Suwon, an hour south of the Korean capital Seoul.
6. Gochang, Hwasun and Ganghwa Dolmen Sites
The Dolman Site on Ganghwado Island, where 120 dolmens are scattered at the foot of the Goryo Mountains, was declared a World Heritage Site by Gochang-hwasun in 2000.
7. Getbol, Korean Tidal Flats
This site is recognized as a UNESCO world heritage site in 2021. It is located in the eastern Yellow Sea on the southwestern and southern coast of South Korea. This site is very rich in biodiversity. The site comprises of four component parts:
- Seocheon Getbol,
- Gochang Getbol,
- Shinan Getbol, and
- Boseong-Suncheon Getbol.
It was recognized as a UNESCO world heritage in 2014. Another beautiful sight that’s worth visiting.